Some scientists have announced that they found evidence that some planets could be made up of diamonds.
Water has the ability to transform a carbide planet into a diamond-rich planet. Within the planet, the major minerals would be diamond and silica (a layer with crystals in the illustra
The study of this scientists was based on exoplanets, planets that orbit a star outside Earth’s solar system.
Arizona State University organized a team of researchers. They explained that some carbon-rich exoplanets possibly have the favorable conditions to carry high levels of diamond. Some of the planets could also be composed of silica, a mineral which is found on Earth in forms such as sand and quartz.
According to the lead writer of a study on the findings recently published in The Planetary Science Journal, Harrison Allen-Sutter, “These exoplanets are unlike anything in our solar system,”
Exoplanets that orbit stars with a greater carbon-to-oxygen ratio than the sun are bound to be carbon-rich. The researchers proposed that these planets are capable of converting carbon into diamond and silicate if water is also available. This could imply that many planets would be made mainly of diamonds.
In 2012, scientists declared that they had found an exoplanet twice as big as Earth speculated to be made largely of diamond. Astronomers explained that the rocky planet, called 55 Cancri e, was likely basked in graphite and diamond, rather than water and granite.
In this new study, the scientists conducted laboratory tests to back their research. They tried to simulate conditions inside carbon-rich exoplanets with a trial including heat and pressure.
The team mashed samples of silicon carbide – a chemical mixture of silicon and carbon – between diamonds in water. And used lasers to create high heat,to measure the reaction between silicon carbide and water.
X-ray technology was used to measure results as the sample was heated at high pressure levels. The researchers noted that the high heat and pressure induced a reaction between the silicon carbide and water, turning it into diamonds and silica.
Although the study brought new evidence that some exoplanets might harbor highly valued substance, it did not show proof that such planets could also hold life. This is due to the fact that these carbon-rich exoplanets probably do not have the conditions to support life forms.
The scientists pointed out that these planets can not be geologically active because their inside will be so hard.
“The more we learn, the better we’ll be able to interpret new data from upcoming future missions… to understand the worlds beyond our own solar system,” he said.