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A national study led by UC San Francisco and UCLA has revealed that COVID-19 symptoms in pregnant women can be prolonged. The report says that the symptoms can last up to two months or even longer.

Researchers evaluated 594 pregnant women who have tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

They realised that the most common early symptoms of COVID-19 in pregnant women were cough, fever, body ache and sore throat. It was reported that half of the pregnant women still showed the symptoms after 3 weeks and 25 percent of the pregnant women still showed symptoms after 8 weeks.

Senior author Vanessa L. jacoby, MAS, MD,co-principal investigator of the national pregnancy study, and vice chair of research in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences at UCSF, said: “We found that pregnant people with COVID-19 can expect a prolonged time with symptoms.”
“COVID-19 symptoms during pregnancy can last a long time, and have a significant impact on health and wellbeing,” she added.

The PRIORITY study, launched March 22, 2020, called the ‘Pregnancy coronavirus Outcomes registry’ was for pregnant women or women who are up to six weeks of pregnancy and have tested or suspected to have COVID-19.

The new research on SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women is currently focused on ambulatory patients, unlike the previous research which was focussed on hospitalized patients, the new analysis focused on ambulatory patients. The research revealed that most people that have tested positive for the virus were adults. People that have tested positive for the virus between March 22 and July 10 had a mean age of 31 years.

It was realized that one third of the infected people were geographically spread.
34 percent if the infected people lived in the Northeast, 25 percent in the West, 18 percent in the Midwest, 21 percent in the South, 9 percent were black, and Thirty-one percent were Latina.

The research was made complicated by the normal symptoms of pregnancy shown by the pregnant women, such as, congestion, fatigue, and nausea. The results of the research includes the following:

The primary symptoms of COVID-19 shown by the pregnant women were cough (20 percent), body aches (12 percent), sore throat (16 percent), and fever (12 percent), fever occurs in 43 percent of non-pregnant patients when compared.
The first symptoms of 6 percent of the women was loss of taste or smell

Other symptoms shown by the pregnant women were, runny nose, sneezing, inability to breath, nausea, sore throat, and vomiting diarrhea.
The amount of women who had no symptoms after 4 weeks were 60 percent, symptoms persisted in 25 percent of the pregnant women.

Some of the participants had medical issues like: hypertension, pregestational diabetes, asthma, cardiac disease, thyroid disease, anxiety and depression.

“The majority of participants in our study population had mild disease and were not hospitalized,” highlighted first author Yalda Afshar, MD, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. “Even so, it took a median of 37 days for symptoms to ease.”

“Despite the potential risks of COVID-19 for pregnant people and their newborns, there are large gaps in our knowledge on the course of the disease and the overall prognosis she said. “Our results can help pregnant people and their clinicians better understand what to expect with COVID-19 infection.”

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